Automobiles and buses are crucial modes of mobility in our daily lives. They also contribute significantly to air pollution, resulting in poor air quality. Because over half of the population uses public transportation, the transition from buses to sustainable mobility is critical. Governments and big manufacturers have already begun to offer incentives and produce environmentally friendly buses. Let’s continue talking about the electric bus revolution.
The increased use of electric transit buses, fueled by pro-green government regulations, has enabled worldwide sourcing and supply chain for alternative powertrain buses, according to Frost & Sullivan. The entire electric bus market, which includes hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), is expected to rise at a CAGR of 13.9 percent to 211,000 units by 2030.
For the rise of electric vehicles, not only the government but also manufacturers are bringing in EVs. Hyundai Motor Company, for example, will conduct trials of its hydrogen-powered electric city Fuel Cell bus with bus operators in Munich, Germany, in the coming weeks. The bus has a 500-kilometer range and is fitted with a 180kW high-capacity hydrogen fuel cell system made up of two 90kW fuel cell stacks and five hydrogen tanks containing 34kg of hydrogen in its roof.
Global electric bus market sales
According to a new report by Facts and Factors, worldwide electric bus sales were predicted at 135 thousand units in 2019 and are expected to reach 600 thousand units by 2026. From 2020 to 2026, the global electric bus market is predicted to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 25%.
US school bus electrification
The Biden administration declared its support for a $1.2 trillion bipartisan infrastructure package. The agreement includes a $7.5 billion fund to assist with the replacement of thousands of diesel-powered school and transit buses with electric versions.
This is a critical step in advancing the electrification of school buses. Investing in electric school buses is a wise decision. In the United States, over 480,000 school buses are used for school transportation, which is more than double the size of all other means of public transportation combined.
Each year, these buses travel approximately 3.5 billion miles, with nearly 95 percent of them running on diesel fuel. As a result, replacing more of these buses with electric ones can significantly cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which account for approximately a third of all GHG emissions. Electric bus endeavors would receive $7.5 billion in support under the White House’s plan.
Center for Transportation and Environment (CTE)
According to the Center for Transportation and Environment (CTE), just about 2% of the country’s 70,000 transit buses are now zero-emission.
Electric bus manufacturers initiative and progress
BYD, a leading electric bus maker, has unveiled its latest battery-electric Type D school bus, which boasts top-of-the-line safety features, outstanding performance, and a sleek look. Type D has a seating capacity of 84 people and a range of up to 155 kilometers on a single charge. When compared to diesel automobiles, it saves up to 60% on fuel expenses. Bi-directional charging is possible thanks to BYD’s smart technology, which allows the e-bus to be charged overnight when demand is low.
NFI Group Inc
BYD UK and Alexander Dennis Limited have delivered four zero-emission BYD ADL Enviro400EV double-deck buses to Lothian Buses in Edinburgh, according to NFI Group Inc, a major independent bus and coach builder and a leader in electric mass mobility. It is supported by SP Energy Networks’ £20 million Green Economy Fund as a flagship initiative.
Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority- FTA Low- or No-Emission Grant Program
As part of the Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA) or no emission grant program, the Rock Region Metro in central Arkansas was awarded $4,900,000 to purchase up to five 40-foot battery-electric buses (BEBs) and related battery charging infrastructure.
The 2021 FTA Low- or No-Emission Grant program, which assists transit agencies in purchasing or leasing low- or no-emission buses and other transit vehicles, granted a total of $182 million to 49 projects around the country.
Aaditya Thackeray, the Maharashtra environment minister, came to BEST headquarters to promote the new ebills program, which will save over 2000 trees from being cut down. He believes the company should not only push ebills but also purchase more electric and environmentally friendly buses to replace ones that run on diesel. BEST’s Go Green campaign, according to the general manager, would be promoted via SMS to the island city’s 10.5 lakh consumers.
Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited
By the end of the year, the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML) will have purchased 450 new midi electric buses, with about 300 of them being used as a feeder system for the future Pune Metro Project. The FAME II scheme for faster adoption and manufacturing of electric buses in India is sanctioning further acquisition of e-buses for nine cities, including Pune.
Indian electric bus market
The Indian electric bus market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 53.0 percent from 2018 to 2025, reaching 7,187 units. Environmental concerns and rising air pollution in the states have prompted the government to enact rigorous emission control rules.
Tata Motors, Olectra-BYD, Foton PMI, JBM Solaris, and VECV are among the six major electric bus manufacturers in India today. It has also attracted international investors. According to JMK Research, the electric bus market has grown by more than US$1 billion in recent years due to investment deals totaling more than US$1 billion.
In the following two years, India could add 6,490 electric buses, with 1850 units in FY2020-21 and 4640 in FY2021-22. It added 1,031 electric buses in March 2020, 600 in the fiscal year 2019-20, 400 in the fiscal year 2018-19, and 31 in the fiscal year 2017-18. If electric buses are employed as much as feasible, particularly in the public transportation sector, most of the country’s emissions can be reduced.